The data obtained show the excellent performance of these water treatment systems using plants as filtration agents. The new results make clear that they constitute a suitable system to eliminate, in the great majority of cases, the so called emerging contaminants such as drugs (analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs, etc.) or stimulants (caffeine). In comparison with conventional water treatment systems, the percentages of elimination of these substances were in many cases greater. The study was carried out by researchers from URJC, in collaboration with the IMDEA Institute for Water and the Centre for New Water Technologies (CENTA).